Do online grammar checkers affect writing apprehension and language learning anxiety?

by , under For researchers

There does not appear to be any research that answers the question about grammar checkers and writing apprehension reduction directly. To begin to answer the question, a review of the literature on writing apprehension, anxiety, willingness to communicate, and web-based activities would help. If you are looking for articles on the development of the Virtual Writing Tutor Grammar Checker, click here.


Writing Apprehension Research

Writing apprehension

Writing apprehension

  1. McCroskey’s conception of writing apprehension [PDF]
  2. Wikipedia article on foreign language anxiety [link]
  3. Exploring the Relationship between Writing Apprehension and Writing Performance: A Qualitative Study [PDF]
  4. The Effects of Writing Anxiety and Motivation on EFL College Students’ Self-Evaluative Judgments of Corrective Feedback [PDF]
  5. Language anxiety in second language writing: Is it really a stumbling block? [PDF]
  6. The Effect of Peer Reviewing on Writing [PDF]
  7. The Effect of Peer Reviewing on Writing Apprehension and Essay Writing Ability of Prospective EFL Teachers [PDF]
  8. Writing Apprehension Test [PDF]
  9. Writing Study Questionnaires  [PDF]
  10. Writing Apprehension, Self-Esteem, and Personality   [PDF]
  11. The Effect of Compulsory Writing on Writing Apprehension  [PDF]
  12. Willingness to Communicate Questionnaire [PDF]



Web-based Writing Activities that Reduce Anxiety

  1. Measuring the effects of web-based pre-writing activities on EFL learners’ writing performance [PDF]
  2. The effect of a web-based writing instructional EFL program on enhancing the performance of Jordanian secondary students [PDF]



Willingness to Communicate

Willingness to Communicate Pyramid Model

Willingness to Communicate Pyramid Model

  1. Wikipedia article on Willingness to Communicate [link]
  2. WTC in the second language [PDF]
  3. WTC as predictors of reported second language use [PDF]


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