Physical Rehabilitation Glossary

by , under field-related glossaries, Vocabulary

After an accident or after surgery, you usually need help getting your mobility back. The person who helps you through your physical rehabilitation is a physiotherapist. Physiotherapists need to speak the language of their patients. Here’s a glossary to help you learn the vocabulary associated with this field of study.

Physical rehabilitation
Physical rehabilitation

Glossary

alternative medicine
Alternative medicine is any practice that is put forward as having the healing effects of medicine but is not based on evidence gathered using the scientific method
appointment
An arrangement to meet someone at a particular time and place.
Biomechanics
The study of the structure and function of biological systems such as humans, animals, plants, organs, and cells by means of the methods of mechanics
blood pressure
 the pressure exerted by circulating blood upon the walls of blood vessels, and is one of the principal vital signs.
Bodybuilding
The use of progressive resistance exercise to control and develop one’s musculature
cardiovascular disease
A class of diseases that involve the heart, the blood vessels (arteries, capillaries, and veins) or both
care
Attentive assistance or treatment to those in need
functional disorder
A functional disorder is a medical condition that impairs the normal function of a bodily process, but where every part of the body looks completely normal under examination, dissection or even under a microscope.
health
The level of functional or metabolic efficiency of a living organism
health care
Health care (or healthcare) is the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in humans.
heart rate
Heart rate refers to the speed of the heartbeat, specifically the number of heartbeats per unit of time
kinesiology
The study of the mechanics of body movements.
lifestyle
A way of life or style of living that reflects the attitudes and values of a person or group
metabolic adaptation
The process by which the body alters how efficient it is at turning the food you eat into energy.
motor skills
A motor skill is an intentional movement involving a motor or muscular component, that must be learned and voluntarily produced to proficiently perform a specific goal or complete a task
neurophysiology
 A branch of physiology and neuroscience that is concerned with the study of the functioning of the nervous system. 
physical activity
Any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that requires energy expenditure.
physiotherapist
 A therapist who treats injury or dysfunction with exercises and other physical treatments of the disorder
science of movement
The act or an instance of moving; a change in place or position
sensory integration
The neurological process that organizes sensation from one’s own body and the environment, thus making it possible to use the body effectively within the environment. 
training program
The acquisition of knowledge, skills, and competencies as a result of the teaching of vocational or practical skills and knowledge that relate to specific useful competencies
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